COMPANY NEWS

Mühlhäuser takes over NFM 13 Feb 2019

Shani Wallis, TunnelTalk

Building on a business collaboration announced in 2015, French TBM manufacturer NFM Technologies has confirmed its take over by Mühlhäuser of Germany.

New owner of NFM
New owner of NFM
NFM brand to disappear
NFM brand to disappear

NFM had been grappling with serious financial difficulties since the end of 2016, due principally to the insolvency of its principal shareholder, NHI Heavy Industries of China. NFM was placed into receivership in August 2018 and on 28 November, the Commercial Court of Lyon decided to entrust the takeover to Mühlhäuser. A new company, Mühlhäuser SAS, has since been registered in France and on the 30 November NFM Technology went into liquidation.

Headquartered at the NFM manufacturing centre in Le Creusot, President of the new company is Markus Rechner of Mühlhäuser. Mühlhäuser is finalising the legal processes and is planning to make a public statement by the end of February. The takeover is described as an asset deal. No financial details have been disclosed as yet.

“Two offers were received to take over the company at the end of September,” explained Luc Devaux, previous CEO of NFM, who declined the offer to stay on with the new company. “The one from Mühlhäuser and the other from French company Alifort. Any Chinese groups were unable to submit proposals to meet the deadline of end November set by the Court for decision-making.”

Altifort was managing takeover of the ASCOVAL company in Valenciennes at the same time and was said to have insufficient time and financial capacity to manage the two operations at the same time and by the deadlines. The takeover process was said to be closely monitored by the French Commissioners for Corporate Restructuring and the Prevention of Business Difficulties and by the Interministerial Delegate for Corporate Restructuring.

Second NFM TBM ready for launch at Semmering
Second NFM TBM ready for launch at Semmering

"The responsible attitude of the company’s employees throughout the process has been a decisive factor in the success of the takeover and in safeguarding industrial know-how,” said Bruno Le Maire, French Minister of Economy and Finance.
Mühlhäuser has acquired the NFM brand, the intellectual property, the manufacturing plant at Le Creusot and the stock of components,” said Devaux, “and it has retained an NFM staff of 82 people.”

Under its collaboration agreement of 2015, Mühlhäuser was the agent for NFM in Germany, Austria, Switzerland and the Netherlands and is currently closely associated with NFM on the current the Semmering Baseline railway tunnel contract with the Implenia/Swietelsky JV where two NFM TBMs of 10m diameter are excavated twin 8.6km long tunnels. Other current projects operating NFM TBMs are the Tideway sewer project in London, UK, using two machines on the Central contract and the Lyon-Turin highspeed railway project between France and Italy.

Devaux is currently assisting the liquidation operations and finding buyers for buyback machines in stock that have remained the property of NFM.

COMPANY NEWS

NFM for sale from insolvent Chinese owner 20 Sep 2018

Shani Wallis, TunnelTalk

Financial insolvency of its Chinese parent company NHI has resulted in French TBM manufacturer NFM negotiating with new investors to keep its French office and manufacturing base in Lyon and Le Creusot. NFM became part of the NHI Group in 2007 when the objective was for NFM to introduce NHI to TBM manufacture and for NHI to become the number one TBM supplier of TBMs in China with design remaining in France and principle components manufactured in the La Creusot factory going to China for assembly into Chinese manufactured shields and other large Chinese-manufactured elements. NHI was also interested in the NFM nuclear manufacturing expertise for China’s nuclear power construction program.

NFM TBMs are currently in operation across the globe including on the Tideway project in London
NFM TBMs are currently in operation across the globe including on the Tideway project in London

Promising relations at the beginning, according to NFM CEO at the time Luc Devaux, became strained in 2011 when NHI imposed a business strategy to double turnover with the same staff. “This was not possible and disagreeing with this strategy I left the company in 2011.” The NFM business continued in the intervening years with significant TBM order successes in China, Hong Kong, Australia, Egypt and in Europe but financial troubles for NFM were mounting.

Early in 2018, NHI sold its NFM Energy Business Unit to French oil and gas industry specialist REEL and adopted a new strategy to concentrate its efforts solely on the underground construction market. “In June 2017, I was asked by NHI and agreed to come back to the position of CEO for NFM to oversee this new strategy,” said Devaux, “but at the time I did not know of the financial status of NHI. I became aware of this when the state banks of China refused to restructure the NHI debt earlier this year.”

State-owned NHI factory now in receivership
State-owned NHI factory now in receivership

Insolvency of a large Chinese heavy industrial manufacturing enterprise is something of a new phenomenon. According to information on its website, NHI (Northern Heavy Industries Group Co Ltd), is a wholly state-owned company which, after taking over NFM in 2007, became one of the top 500 Chinese enterprises and ranked among the top three heavy machinery industry manufacturers in China with a facility that covers an area of about 1 million m2 and has more than 10,000 employees. The insolvency administrator is in negotiations with Chinese banks to reduce the debts of the NHI Group and will participate in a process of find a new shareholder for NHI Group to replace the current shareholder, Shenyang City.

When the insolvency of NHI became clear, NFM, which had retained all its intellectual property and its office and manufacturing base in France, began the search for a new shareholder to keep the company viable. “We have a deadline of end of October to conclude a sale from NHI,” said Devaux, “and we are in talks with four interested parties. Due to confidentiality clauses I can say no more than that. We are currently in the process of due diligence with these potential shareholders and are hopeful of a successful outcome. No one in NFM in France has left the company and all obligations to our current TBM customers are, and will be honoured. We have the liquidity to meet all these obligations, and to our staff. We are also being supported in our efforts by the French State.”

In an announcement about the sale of NFM, corporate details were stated as:
Turnover 2016 €65.707 million
Turnover 2017 €71.382 million
Turnover to May 2018 €10.909 million
Company workforce 149 employees

NFM TBMs are currently in operation across the world with two machines working on the Thames Tideway sewer project in the UK, on metro contracts in Singapore, on the Grand Paris Project in France, on the Cairo Metro in Egypt, and on highway projects in Hong Kong. Recently completed projects include the Northern Line Underground extension in London, four double shield machines on the Sydney Metro, a mega-diameter machine for a railway project in Sicily, and another mega-diameter machine of more than 14m diameter working on a highway project in Hong Kong. At present, the second NFM machine is in assembly for excavation of the long Semmering railway tunnel in Austria. The first TBM for the project was launched in August this year (2018).

Robbins relations with NHI

The Robbins Company of the USA has a financial link with NHI of China. In June 2016, Robbins confirmed that "Yes; NHI is investing in Robbins. However no big changes as far as Robbins is concerned except we will be more financially strong." A connection with Robbins after becoming aware of the situation for NFM, TunnelTalk was told that: “Robbins is operating as normal with really no effect from the NFM situation. So far NHI has let Robbins operate as a standalone operation with no management interference. After its investment, NHI made no moves to integrate Robbins with other NHI businesses.”

References

In a statement in February 2018 following the implementation of the new marketing strategy, CEO Devaux said; “focusing on our core business activity will enable us to leverage our expertise on the European market. We are resolute and confident for 2018.” In a phone interview, Devaux told TunnelTalk that he is positive for the future. “The tunnelling industry, and the TBM tunnelling industry in particular, is growing and growing rapidly. It is important for the global industry that competition among TBM manufacturers is maintained to control prices, encourage research and development and ensure service and support of TBM customers. We remain confident of the future for NFM.”

References



Search the TunnelTalk Archive for other NFM, Robbins and TBM project news and developments.

           

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