Books and Reports

Books & Reports

Title: Handbook of Tunnel
Engineering Vol I and Vol II

Authors: Maidl, Bernhard; Thewes, Markus; Maidl, Ulrich
Date of Publication:
Vol I October 2013
Vol II January 2014

Vol I - Structures and Methods
ISBN: 978-3-433-03048-6
482 pages, 473 figures, 58 tables Hardcover
Price: €89, £75, $120

Vol II - Basics and Additional Services for Design and Construction
ISBN: 978-3-433-03049-3
458 pages, 261 figures, 79 tables Hardcover
Price: €89, £75, $120

SET: Vol I and Vol II
ISBN: 978-3-433-03078-3
Price: €149, £125, $205

Buy on-line
Tunnel engineering is one of the oldest, most interesting but also challenging engineering disciplines and demands not only theoretical knowledge but also practical experience in geology, geomechanics, structural design, concrete construction, machine technology, construction process technology and construction management. The two-volume Handbuch des Tunnel- und Stollenbaushas been the standard reference for German-speaking tunnellers in theory and practice for 30 years. The new English edition is based on a revised and adapted version of the third German edition and reflects the latest state of knowledge. The book is published in two volumes, with the first being devoted to more practical themes of construction and construction process in drill+blast and mechanised tunnelling. Microtunnelling and ventilation are also dealt with. The second volume covers both theoretical themes like design basics, geological engineering, structural design of tunnels and monitoring instrumentation, and also the practical side of work on the construction site such as dewatering, waterproofing and scheduling as well as questions of tendering, award and contracts, data management and process controlling. All chapters of both volumes include practical examples.
Vol I - Structures and Methods
1 Introduction ; 2 Support methods ; 3 The classic methods and their further development ; 4 Shotcrete tunnelling ; 5 Drill+blast tunnelling ; 6 Mechanised tunnelling ; 7 The drilling of small sections ; 8 Ventilation during the construction phase
Sample chapter:
Vol II - Basics and Additional Services for Design and Construction
1 General ; 2 Engineering geology aspects for design and classification ; 3 Structural design verifications, structural analysis of tunnels ; 4 Measurements for monitoring, probing and recording evidence ; 5 Dewatering, waterproofing and drainage ; 6 New measurement and control technology in tunnelling ; 7 Special features of scheduling tunnel works ; 8 Safety and safety planning ; 9 Special features in tendering, award and contract ; 10 Process controlling and data management ; 11 DAUB recommendations for the selection of tunnelling machines ; Appendices
Sample chapter:
Author information
Prof. em. Dr.-Ing.Dr. h. c. mult. Bernhard Maidl is the former Chair of Construction Technology, Tunnelling and Construction Management at the Ruhr University, Bochum. Prof. Maidl is currently partner of MTC - MaidlTunnelconsultants GmbH & Co. KG, Munich and Duisburg.
Dr. Ulrich Maidl is the managing director of MTC - MaidlTunnelconsultants GmbH & Co. KG, Munich and Duisburg as well as an officially appointed and sworn expert in tunnelling and microtunnelling.
Prof. Dr.-Ing. Markus Thewes holds the Chair of Tunneling and Construction Management at the Ruhr University, Bochum and is active in national and international associations.


Title: The Contractors
ISBN: 9780727758309
Pages: 320
Format: Hardbound
Date of Publication: Dec 2013
Price: £35.00

Title: The Civil Engineers
ISBN: 9780727741431
Pages: 352
Format: Hardbound
Date of Publication: June 2013
Price: £39.95

Buy both as a set: £64.95

Hugh Ferguson BSc(Eng) CEng FICE MCIHT and Mike Chrimes MBE BA MLS MCLIP
Language: English
Publisher: ICE Publishing
Review copies on display in the ICE Library
Order on-line from the ICE Bookshop
Two full-colour, hard-covered books chart the challenges and adventures faced by British civil engineers and construction contractors from the great engineering advances of Victorian times, as builders of canals in the late-18th Century to present day construction of infrastructure from roads and railways, sea works and flood defences, water supply and irrigation, urban drainage and sewerage, gas works and power stations and the Channel Tunnel and its Rail Link into London of the late 20th and early 21st Centuries.
Extraordinarily ambitious and largely unrecognised British citizens built infrastructure around the world, individuals took considerable risks, many failed in the process but others thrived to become powerful industrialists of their day.
Compiled as the first history of the topics, publications include profiles of many of the key figures and organisations in the industry through the ages, from the towering Victorian engineers and contractors whose business was their personal affair, through the 20th Century which saw the rise of the corporate engineer and contractor, specialist sub-consultants and sub-contractors and the blurring of the distinction between consulting engineers and contractors, to the larger firms of recent years that become larger through merger and acquisition.
The Contractors and The Civil Engineers a compelling read for those working in the industry. Readers will experience the boom of the Victorian era, to the reality of working at home and abroad, the difficulties and opportunities brought by wars, the equipment used and the specialists; designers and contractors of today, all fully illustrated in colour and with historic material from the ICE and the firms themselves.


Title: Norwegian Hydropower Tunnelling II
ISBN: 978-82-92641-28-6
Pages: 132
Authors: Various
Date of Publication: June 2013
Language: English
Publisher: Norwegian Tunnelling Society
Price and availability:
Hard copies available on request
Free download from Norwegian Tunnelling Society (NFF)
Norwegian Hydropower Tunnelling II is part of the English language series published by the Norwegian Tunnelling Society (NFF).
The aim is to share with international colleagues information on rock technology, in this publication with specific reference to the latest world-leading experience in tunnelling and underground works related to hydropower. This is the second title on hydropower tunnelling in the NFF English language back catalogue (which contains 22 titles in all). It is intended to update the 1985 version that contained 18 papers and has been read across all parts of the world over the last 28 years.
The updated 2013 edition contains 16 new papers on the following subjects:
• Lessons learned in hydroprojects in Norway and abroad
• Planning of pressurised headrace tunnel in Albania
• Design of unlined headrace tunnel in Tanzania
• Tunnels and shafts in small hydropower projects
• Lake tap design in West Greenland
• Norwegian high-pressure concrete plugs
• Artificial ground freezing to aid maintenance
• Waterproof underground caverns
• Raise drilling of shafts and tunnels
• Directional controlled drilling of shafts
• Small hydropower in Norway
• Underground construction under high rock stress
• Stability evaluations of a Himalayan underground powerhouse
• Norwegian hydropower technology applied in Vietnam
• Collapse and burst debris flood at Svandalsflona pressure
Norway is a world leader in hydropower. Its annual production is in the order of 140-150 TWh, which accounts for 95-96% of all electricity produced for a population of 5 million and is one of the highest (if not the highest) consumption rates per person in the world. During the last 50-60 years practically all hydropower stations have been located underground; more than 200 in total, which represents about a quarter of all underground power stations in the world. A total of 4,000km of tunnels have been excavated for Norwegian hydropower projects, the majority by drill+blast but also approximately 200km by TBM.
Norwegian engineers have been involved in hydropower projects in a number of countries and have learned important lessons in an international market. Some of this is included in the papers presented in this publication.


Title: BS-6164:2011
Code of practice for health and safety in tunnelling in the construction industry
Edition: 2011 Revised edition
Pages: 168
Authors: Committee chaired by Dr D. Lamont
Date of Publication: 31 July 2011
Publisher: British Standards Institution Group
Price: £123 for BSI members; £246 non-members
Order online at the BSI Book Shop
Revised edition of the BS 6164 Code of practice for health and safety in tunnelling in the construction industry is published and available for online purchase from the British Standards Institution.
First drafted in 1982 as a 56-page document, BS-6164 was revised extensively in 1991 and again in 2001. The newly published version, now more than 150 pages long, provides comprehensive guidance on health and safety issues arising from tunnel and shaft construction and tunnel maintenance, renovation and repair. In addition to a general update and a revised bibliography, the clauses dealing with excavation and support have been extensively rewritten as has the clause dealing with shafts. A new clause addresses the provision of refuge chambers in tunnels for use by workers in the event of an emergency during tunnel construction.
Both the Joint Code of Practice on Risk Management in Tunnel Works in the UK by the British Tunnelling Society and the Association of British Insurers (BTS/ABI), and the internationally applicable version published by the International Tunnel Insurance Group, make reference to BS-6164. These documents now need to be updated and make reference to the new BS-6164:2011 edition.
BTS/ABI - Joint Code of Practice for Risk Management of Tunnel Works in the UK


TunnelTalk Annual Review

Edition: 2012 edition
Pages: 100
Authors: TunnelTalk reporters
Date of Publication: 3 April 2013
Publisher: TunelTalk
Order online
Prequalifiers registered and funding secured for projects in development; extreme tunnels promoted for travelling through the Andes and the Himalayas; contracts awarded; others completed; TBMs of all sizes and types ordered, delivered, launched and broken through; innovations in equipment and supplies launched; and different topics presented for discussion - these are just some of the highlights of the year in tunnelling for 2012 as published first on the TunnelTalk website and presented now in a single printed volume produced as a record for the year.
Now in its third volume, copies of the TunnelTalk 2012 Annual Review are distributed at the conferences and events attended during the year and are available for purchase online for your own personal library. Click through to the Annual Review online order cart to place your order.
With the 2010, 2011 and 2012 Annual Reviews now available, Volume 4 to record the 2013 year of events and developments is well underway. As the one print record of the full year, advertisements in the Annual Review are an investment that works effectively across the full year, being distributed at all the major industry events and available also as part of the industry's annual print record. Contact our Advertisement Managers for further information: Binda Punj, International Advertisement Manager at and Judy Green, Advertisement Manager North America at
We look forward to meeting friends and colleagues at the major events during the year and wish everyone in the business a successful year during 2013.
2012 in retrospect - TunnelTalk, Dec 2012
2013 in perspective - TunnelTalk, Jan 2013
Annual report of TunnelTalk activity - TunnelTalk, Dec 2012


Title: The Austrian Practice of NATM Tunnelling Contracts
Edition: 2011
Pages: 23
Author: Committee of the Austrian Society of Geomechanics
Date of Publication: 2011
Publisher: Austrian Society of Geomechanics, Austrian Tunnelling Society
Price: €15 including postage
To order: Contact the Austrian Society for Geomechanics (ÖGG)
Tel: +43 (0)662 875519
Written in English, this comprehensive best practice guide covers all aspects of NATM contracting from tendering and estimating, to construction procedures and payment schedules. Starting from acknowledgement that adaptability is the primary strength of NATM, the guideline complies with the Austrian Standard ÖNORM B2203-1 and is based on six basic principles, that:
• ground risk (properties and behaviour) is borne by the owner (risk allocation rather than risk sharing);
• the contract provides unit prices for all items anticipated by the tender design;
• bill of quantities and payment models are formulated so that adjustments can be made without variation orders;
• the contract provides for decision-making at the tunnel face with mutual agreement between owner and contractor; and that
• a mediator's advice can be sought in case of disagreements or disputes.
Examples of excavation sequences and support types are provided together with calculations for excavation costs/m3; rates/working day; and matrix illustrations for calculating excavation time and costs.
At €15, the guideline is an investment in deeper understanding of NATM and the contracts written to administer its application.


Title: Gautrain - From dreams to reality
Price: R650 (US$75) plus postage
Date of publication: October 2012
To order: Directly through the website or ring +27 11 786 1085
South Africa's Gautrain project, linking Johannesburg with Pretoria, is the subject of a new interactive collector's edition book. It tells the story of the Gautrain's project history, from its inception to the opening of the final leg of the rail system on 2 August 2011.
Featuring never-before-seen pictures of the project's development, the book showcases and documents the history and progress of Africa's biggest public-private partnership.
Unlike a normal history book, the Gautrain book reads as a timeline rather than a detailed, in-depth account of the R26 billion project. Its interactive nature takes the reader through a process of folded letters, pull-outs and inserts, providing comprehensive detail about landmark aspects of the project.
Each page is beautifully crafted and designed on Curious Metallic Ice Gold paper and is encased in a gold sleeve. The book took a year to design and has so far notched up three prestigious awards. Also included with the book is a DVD.
The airport link section of the network, from the O. R. Tambo International Airport to the underground station at Sandton in Johannesburg, opened in June 2010, ahead of South Africa's hosting of the 2010 World Cup soccer tournament through June and July. The Rosebank-Pretoria section opened in August 2011 and the last section, the remainder of the underground section from Rosebank to the underground Park Station in central Johannesburg, opened in June 2012 after water ingress issues into the running tunnels were rectified.
Gautrain begins airport link services - TunnelTalk, June 2010


Title: Sprayed Concrete Lined Tunnels
Author: Alun Thomas
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Date: October 2008
Hb: 978-0-415-36864-3
Price: £65.00 GBP
eBook: 978-0-415-02899-5
Practicing engineers on site, in the design office, or in client organizations will find an introduction to the design and construction of sprayed concrete lined (SCL) tunnels. The complex bahaviour of the early age sprayed concrete requires careful management. The book covers all aspects of SCL tunnelling - from the constituents of sprayed concrete to detailed design and management during construction. Although there is a close inter dependence between all the facet sof sprayed concrete, few engineers have the right breadth of experience and expertise, and this needs to be transferred to the wider engineering community urgently.


Title: Austrian Practice of Conventional Tunnelling
Pages: 65
Author: Committee of the Austrian Society of Geomechanics and Austrian Tunnelling Society
Date of Publication: 2008
Publisher: Austrian Society of Geomechanics
Price: €50 including postage
To order: Contact the Austrian Society for Geomechanics (ÖGG)
Tel: +43 (0)662 875519
An indepth introduction to the Austrian approach to conventional tunnelling as embodied in its NATM excavation and contracting method. Published in English, the book is required reading for all undergraduates of civil engineering at the Leoban Technical University in Austria and provides an easily understood document for civil engineers the world over who find themselves assigned, perhaps for the first time, to an SCL/SME/NATM or conventional or TBM tunnelling project that requires support based on the elements of the NATM process.


Title: 100th Anniversary of the life of Leopold Müller
Pages: +50 with a CD of published papers and texts
Author: Professor Robert Galler, Leoben Technical University, Austria
Date of Publication: 2011
Publisher: Austrian Society of Geomechanics
Price: €25 including postage
To order: Contact the Austrian Society for Geomechanics (ÖGG)
Tel: +43 (0)662 875519
A tribute in the 100th anniversary of the birth of Leopold Müller who went on to be one of the world's most renowned engineers of rock mechanics and founder and first President of the International Society of Rock Mechanics (IRSM), a body that recorded a membership of more than 6,300 members and 47 National Groups in 2011. Together with Ladislaus von Rabcewicz and Franz Pacher, Müller is recognized as a principal exponent and developer of the NATM or New Austrian Tunnelling Method between 1957 and 1965. A prolific writer and presenter of lectures, the book concentrates on Müller private letters and writings with an archive of his papers and technical books published on the accompanying CD. Müller was central to the circles of NATM development and its expansion through out the world. He died in 1988 and remained actively engaged as an expert until late in life. Müller is honoured every four years with an IRSM award presented in recognition of distinguished contributions to the profession of rock mechanics and rock engineering. Published in German, the book is a journey through one of the most influential times in the field of rock engineering, tunnelling and underground space excavation and an insight into the life and work of one of the key individuals of that development.


Title: Model Code for Concrete Structures
First complete draft - Vol. 1 and Vol. 2
Authors: The fib Special Activity Group 5
Year of Publication: 2010
Publisher: fib - fédération internationale du béton - Federation for Structural Concrete

Volume 1
ISBN: 978-2-88394-095-6
Number of pages: 312
Price: Non-members CHF 140

Volume 2
ISBN: 978-2-88394-096-3
Number of pages: 312
Price: Non-members CHF 140

Order on line at the fib website
The Model Code for Concrete Structures is produced by fib to serve as a basis for future codes and for updating existing codes for concrete structures. Just as the last Model Code of 1990 contributed to development of the Eurocode 2 - Concrete Structures, so this new Model Code will be the basis of all new standards and specifications for the design of concrete structures. Published in two volumes the first volume covers basic principles, principles of structural design, materials and interface characteristics, while the second deals with design, construction, conservation, dismantlement, recycling and reuse.
The documents give an extensive state-of-the-art review of material properties for structural concrete including constitutive relations for concrete up to strength class C120, and properties of reinforcing and prestressing steel, including prestressing systems. Special attention is given to the application of fibre concrete for structural applications, as well as the application of non-metallic reinforcement, interface characteristics, verification assisted by numerical simulations, verification assisted by testing, and to a number of important construction aspects.
The Model Code 2010 is more 'life cycle' oriented than its predecessors, introducing the important new consideration of 'time' with structures designed in future for structural safety and serviceability for a defined number of years. Design criteria are given with relation to reliability, functionality, durability and sustainability. Design rules for serviceability and ultimate limit states are given for a wide range of conditions, such as static and non-static loading (fatigue, impact, explosion, earthquake), and high and low temperatures (fire and cryogenic).
As the first complete draft of the Model Code, this two-volume document is open to suggestions for improvement. Once comments and feedback have been given due consideration, the final documents will be submitted to the fib General Assembly for approval and publication as the final version.


Title: FIDIC Contracts:
Law and Practice

Authors: Ellis Baker, Ben Mellors, Scott Chalmers and Anthony Lavers
Year of Publication:
First Edition 2009
Publisher: Informa
ISBN: Hardback 978-1-84311-628-8
Price: £290.00
FIDIC Contracts: Law and Practice is the only book to date that provides a detailed analysis of the whole suite of contracts published by the Fédération Internationale des Ingénieurs-Conseils (FIDIC), including the new Gold Book for Design, Build and Operate Projects.
The book provides legal commentary and detailed analysis of the clauses of each of the different forms, with relevant case law and includes a comprehensive chapter dedicated to dispute resolution covering dispute boards, amicable settlement and arbitration. The FIDIC suite of contracts is also explained in relation to other organisations, such as the World Bank and the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) who are closely involved with their use.
The book opens with a general discussion of FIDIC as an institution and the background to the contract forms; chapter two considers the FIDIC forms and other forms published by FIDIC and the structure of a FIDIC Contract; chapters three, four and five are concerned with the parties' obligations in relation to what and how the works are to be constructed (and in the Gold Book, operated), their payment obligations and their obligations as to time; chapter six deals with the administration of the contract, and in particular two central features of the FIDIC forms: the role of the third-party contract administrator (except in the Silver Book) and the administration of claims; chapter seven concerns the mechanisms found in the FIDIC forms for the allocation and management of specific risks; chapter eight collates and discusses the various remedies available to the parties; and the book concludes with chapter nine - the resolution of disputes under the FIDIC forms.


Tunnels: Inspection, assessment and maintenance
Authors: L. McKibbins, R. Elmer, K. Roberts
Year of Publication: 2010
Publisher: CIRIA
ISBN: 978-0-86017-671-8
Number of pages: 450
Price: £120.00 GBP
Guidance to infrastructure owners, consulting engineers, contractors and maintenance managers on the management, condition appraisal, maintenance and repair of the structural elements of existing infrastructure tunnels. The focus is primarily on older infrastructure and certain tunnel types. It is based on a detailed review of published literature as well as on the procedures of infrastructure owners', consultations with experts and practitioners within the field, and case studies that demonstrate good practice.


Title: Survey analysis of water and sewer rates in 50 largest USA cities
Year of Publication: 2010
Publisher: Black & Veatch
Number of pages: 18
Free PDF download attached
Black & Veatch has released the results of its sixth 50 Largest USA Cities Water and Wastewater Rate Survey, a valuable knowledge resource for water and wastewater utilities of the United States. The survey highlights customer charges for water and sewer service for residential, industrial and commercial customers.
A key finding of the survey is that water and wastewater bills for residential use across the country have increased at a steady rate since 2001, when Black & Veatch began producing the survey.
This trend correlates with findings from The 2009 Report Card for America's Infrastructure, published by the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), showing approximately $2.2 trillion of investment is needed to improve vital infrastructure over the next five years. Overall, America's grade is a cumulative "D" as noted by the ASCE.
Black & Veatch's analysis cites five key issues that influence rates and sheds more detail around the value of water and wastewater services and the solutions needed to address these two areas of vital infrastructure:
Commodity price increases. Primarily in electricity, chemicals and natural gas costs. A leading contributor to operating and maintenance costs of water and wastewater facilities - highlighting the important inter-relationship or nexus of water and energy.
Lower consumption and high fixed cost. In general, demand or a consumer's usage is declining while many utility costs, such as debt service, are fixed. Since most pricing structures include volume-based charges, revenues are declining while costs are not.
Benefits. Pension obligations and health care benefits are prompting an increase in labor costs.
Influence of wastewater legal action. Significant capital programs are being implemented in most major cities to comply with legal; action related to wastewater system performance.
Aging infrastructure. Updating and replacing aging infrastructure are significant costs for most water and sewer utilities, as noted in a report by the ASCE.
• Analysis of the 2010 survey results indicates the average annual increase in typical residential water bills is approximately 5.3% from 2001 through 2009, while the increase in typical residential sewer bills is approximately 5.5%.
The ASCE 2009 Report Card for America's Infrastructure
ASCE Report into the cost of replacing aging infrastructure


Title: 544.5R-10: Report on the Physical Properties and Durability of Fiber-Reinforced Concrete
Authors: ACI Committee 544
Year of Publication: 2010
Number of Pages: 31
Nonmember Price: US$62.50
ACI Member Price: US$38.00
Order Code: 544510
A report by the American Concrete Institute (ACI) that examines the physical properties and durability of fiber-reinforced concrete (FRC) and makes viable performance-based specification of concrete materials using fibers. The document provides a historical basis and an overview of the current knowledge of FRC materials for tailoring new, sustainable, and durable concrete mixtures and evaluates the various physical, short-term, and long-term benefits that fiber reinforcement imparts to the concrete mixture. A variety of test methods, conditions, and properties are reported and listed in addition to the wide variety of the choices available in formulating matrix systems.
The document is divided into three sections and discusses the physical properties of FRC in terms of electrical, magnetic, and thermal properties; the rheological properties that affect fiber dispersion and distribution, using both empirical and quantitative rheology; mechanisms of creep and shrinkage and the role of various fiber types in affecting both plastic shrinkage cracking and restrained shrinkage cracking; the durability of concrete as affected by the addition of fibers under freezing and thawing conditions, corrosion resistance, and scaling; the durability of FRC systems to the highly alkaline cementitious microstructure; the durability of alkali-resistant glass and cellulose fibers using long-term accelerated aging results; the bundle effect and degradation and embrittlement due to alkali attack; recent advances for modeling and design of materials with aging characteristics; and the use of FRC materials under aggressive environments, extreme temperatures, and fire. The final sections list a series of applications where the use of FRC has resulted in beneficial durability considerations.
Available in hard copy or electronic PDF download format.


Title: Specification for Tunnelling, 3rd Edition
Authors: British Tunnelling Society Working Group
Publisher: Thomas Telford Ltd
ISBN: 9780727734778
Publish Date: March 2010
Format: Paperbound
Number of Pages: 200
Price: £ 45.00
The British Tunnelling Society's Specification for Tunnelling has become the industry standard for writing tunnelling contracts and forms the basis of tunnelling specifications for projects throughout the world.
The specification has been revised in this third edition to reflect current industry best practice and to take account of the many advances that have occurred over the last decade. Coverage of sprayed concrete has been expanded in recognition of its increased usage around the world and there are new sections on spray applied waterproofing membranes and box jack tunnelling. All references to codes, standards and other design documents have comprehensively been updated.
Drafted by an expert editorial committee with a combined tunnelling experience of more than 250 years, the BTS Specification for Tunnelling, 3rd Edition will continue to be the de facto standard reference work for tunnelling in the UK and around of the world.
Chapters include General requirements; Materials; Methods; Ground stabilisation processes; and Working environment.


Title: Sandhogs
Author/Photographer: Gina LeVay
Introduction: Bonnie Yochelson
Foreword: Thomas Kelly
Publisher: powerHouse Books
Date: Book launch November 20, 2009
Die-cut hardcover, 10.25 x 12.25 inches, 120 pages, 80 four-color photographs
ISBN: 978-1-57687-523-0
Price: $US40.00
Celebrating the 800 Sandhogs working 800ft below the streets of Manhattan to construct the largest unified infrastructure project in New York City history: the 60-mile long City Water Tunnel No 3 that will supplement the two existing but aging water supply tunnels Excavation of the Tunnel No 3 system began in 1970. For about each mile tunneled, one Sandhog has lost his life in a mining related accident. Generations of Sandhogs have accepted this daunting 'man-a-mile' formula as part of the job, but few New Yorkers know about this mammoth excavation or the story of the Sandhogs themselves. In 2003, photographer Gina LeVay was granted rare access to photograph the 'hogs' in the tunnel and at off-site locations. The Sandhog Project is a multi-faceted work of photo, video, web, and installation art, which explores the figurative and literal overlay, and mutual dependency of the surface city and this underground world. With the Sandhogs book and accompanying exhibitions, LeVay introduces the public to this vibrant and intricate subculture, bringing their rich, extraordinary, subterranean imagery to the surface.Her award-winning work 'The Sandhog Project' was exhibited as a large-scale photo and video installation at New York's Grand Central Terminal in 2006.
Gina LeVay holds an MFA in Photo and Related Media from the School of Visual Arts. Bonnie Yochelson is an art historian specializing in photography and is Curator of Prints and Photographs at the Museum of the City of New York.Thomas Kelly, a former Sandhog, is the author of three novels: Payback (Knopf, 1997), The Rackets (Phoenix, 2004), and Empire Rising (Picador, 2006).
Available via powerhouse, and bookshops


Title: Deep Foundation: Compendium Methods and Equipment Volume II
Author: Liebherr-Werk Nenzing GmbH (ed.)
Publisher: Ernst & Sohn
Date: Summer 2009 - 336 pages
ISBN: English 978-3-433-02933-6
German 978-3-433-02932-9
Price: € 129
The application of the complex technologies used today of deep foundations and ground engineering demands are described with specialized knowledge and practical experience provided by one of the world's leading specialist firms. Volume II joins 'Volume I: Piling and Drilling Rigs' published in March 2008.
Order Volumes I and II for a package price of € 189


Title: Recommendations on Excavations EAB
Author: Deutsche Gesellschaft fürGeotechnik e.V. (ed.)
Publisher: Ernst & Sohn
Date: 2nd revised edition, 2008 - 284 pages
ISBN: English 978-3-433-01855-2
Price: € 69
The aim of the recommendations is to harmonize and further develop the methods by which excavations are prepared, calculated and carried out and as drawn up by a working group at the German Geotechnical Society (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Geotechnik DGGT). They help to simplify analysis of excavation enclosures, to unify load approaches and analysis procedures, to guarantee the stability and serviceability of the excavation structure and its individual components, and to find out an economic design of the excavation structure. For this new edition, all recommendations have been reworked in accordance with EN 1997-1 (Eurocode 7) and DIN 1054-1. New recommendations on the use of the modulus of subgrade reaction method and the finite element method (FEM), as well as a new chapter on excavations in soft soils, have been added.


Title: Guidelines on thin spray-on liners for mining and tunnelling
Author: EFNARC
Publisher: EFNARC
Date: April 2008
Price: Free pdf download
Minimum standards of performance and methods of application for thin spray-on liners (TSLs) used for non-structural rock support and for sealing rock against gas and moisture transfer and weathering. As the end product is essentially a polymer filled with cement it retains many of the characteristics associated with polymer systems such as good flexibility, high tensile strength and high elongation at break. TSLs can be applied either before or after the primary support providing operators do not work under unsupported ground. A linear block support test has thus been developed which gives an indication of the load bearing capacity of the TSL in terms of the mass of the largest block that can be supported.


Title: Big, Bigger, Biggest
Producer: Windfall Films in association with National Geographic Channel
Broadcaster: UK TV, Channel 5
Date: July 2009
Price: Free on-line to UK viewers only at: Demand Five
Tunnelling kicks off the second season of a popular UK TV documentary celebrating major engineering achievements. 'Big, Bigger, Biggest', produced by Windfall Films in association with National Geographic Channel and broadcast by Channel 5 TV, selected Switzerland's Gotthard Baseline railway tunnel project as the current 'Biggest' tunnelling project in the world. While showcasing the advancements employed on the Gotthard Baseline project, the documentary charted the journey from extraordinary beginnings to modern processes, a journey that began with a lowly mollusc that inspired the Thames Tunnel and the engineer who made it possible.
It was the shipworm, a clam in fact that secretes a mucus to provide a hard lining around the hole it bores into ship's timbers, that inspired the design of Marc Brunel's tunnelling shield, each 10 inches of advance supported by the construction of brick-built support and lining. The great leap from Brunel's shield of 1825, for a tunnel of 370m, to the 57km long Gotthard Baseline Tunnel, is the use of shotcrete (yes, 'shotccrete", not 'sprayed concrete') as "the ultimate reincarnation" of the shipworm's natural self-supporting secretion.
Five further projects that embodied leaps in technology were highlighted on the vital road of advance from the Thames Tunnel to the Gotthard Baseline. These were described and illustrated by terrific graphics, great video footage, but unfortunately a disappointing commentary.
After his father's extraordinary Thames Tunnel shield of the 1820s, Leap 2 was nominated as a 2,940m long railway tunnel on the London-Bristol line that was designed and advanced by Isambard Kingdom Brunel in the 1830s. The Box Hill Tunnel was one of the first to use gun powder explosives to tunnel through hard rock. Today the Gotthard uses modern drill+blast techniques that include computer-controlled drilling jumbos and smooth-profile blasting.
Leap 3: The 1880s mechanical excavation of the Mersey Tunnel in Liverpool, UK using a Beaumont tunnelling machine as a safer and faster method than blasting through faulted rock under the river. From this ground-breaking machine, modern hard rock TBMs as 'the ultimate tunnelling tool" are boring their way through the Alps.
Leap 4: Early 1900s the 19,800m Simplon rail tunnel in Switzerland that introduced the parallel twin tube design with regular cross passages to provide sustainable ventilation for drill+blast excavation of long tunnel headings. Today "the mother of all aircons" is employed on the Gotthard and designed also to reduce ambient and rock temperatures of up to 35-40C..
Leap 5: the 1990s, the 50,600m Channel Tunnel between England and France and its high precision surveillance and laser guidance systems that ensured that TBM headings from both sides of the Channel actually met in the middle. Link to the Gotthard: guidance of the tunnel headings beneath up to 3,000m of Alp massive overburden and the techniques used to get through never before encountered geological conditions.
Leap 6: Safety in operation, highlighting the lengths to which tunnel engineers must go to prevent disasters like the Gotthard road tunnel of 2001 that killed 11 when two trucks crashed head on and exploded in a fireball. Link to Gotthard Baseline rail tunnel: construction of two massive underground emergency stations where passengers can evacuate to rescue trains and travel to the outside.
The final line of the programme was that the Gotthard Baseline Tunnel "is currently the biggest until someone builds an even bigger one."
The second programme in the series this week was the development to the world's biggest submarine. A link in the mind of some to the engineering employed to develop today's high pressure slurry and EPB soft ground TBMs that are being asked to withstand hydrostatic pressures of up to 15-17 bar. Not an obvious link for sure, but certainly another cause to celebrate the programme's promotion of civil and mechanical engineering to the wider general public. That is after all, where the engineers of tomorrow are watching TV on a weekday evening before bedtime.


Title: Communicating the Value of Water - The UK Water Industry's Challenge
Author: Dan McCarthy,
Black & Veatch, UK
Publisher: White paper of industry discussions
Date: July 2009
Price: Free pdf download
Dan McCarthy, President and CEO of the Black & Veatch global water business, shares insights into the new realities of water management, focusing on the water industry's need to change its customers' experience of water from one of price, to one of value, in order to ensure resources are used in a sustainable manner. Based on a water industry round-table discussion that considered some of the approaches the UK water industry, McCarthy argues that it is imperative worldwide "to educate customers so that they better understand the value of water, as well as their role in using water wisely today to preserve the potential benefits for future generations. Financial, social and environmental factors, as well as price, all need to be considered in order to instigate a change in consumer use of water." The paper considers the role of metering, misconceptions about the amount of available water, the difficulties of communicating with a socio-economically diverse customer base, and limited understanding of the services water companies provide. McCarthy has served the water industry for more than 30 years and has experience in the provision of engineering, consulting and construction services for the sector worldwide.


Title: Occupational Exposure to Nitrogen Monoxide in a Tunnel Environment - Best Practice Guide
Author: British Tunnelling Society (BTS) NO Working Group
Publisher: BTS
Date: April 2008
Price:Free pdf download
Recommendations that occupational exposure to Nitrogen Monoxide be reduced to 0.2ppm from previous standards as high as 25ppm as an 8-hour time weighted average (TWA), have a major impact on the tunnelling industry. A report by the British Tunnelling Society responds to these recommendations and presents a set of key recommendations specifically for the tunnelling industry.